Navoi (Uzbek. Navoiy / Navoiy) is the administrative center and the largest city of the Navoi region of Uzbekistan. The city was founded in 1958 and was part of the Bukhara region. It was created as a mining center for […]
Navoi (Uzbek. Navoiy / Navoiy) is the administrative center and the largest city of the Navoi region of Uzbekistan.
The city was founded in 1958 and was part of the Bukhara region. It was created as a mining center for the extraction of rare earth elements, precious metals and uranium in the Uzbek SSR.
In 1958, in the area of the village of Karmana, the construction of a mining and metallurgical plant began. And a new city was founded, which was named Navoi in honor of the famous Uzbek poet and philosopher Alisher Navoi.
The new city was built in the 1960s according to the unified master plan of the Leningrad architects of the VNIIPIET Institute, which belongs to the USSR Ministry of Atomic Energy.
For the development of the general plan of the city, Leningrad architects were awarded the State Prize of the USSR in 1969. The design and layout of the city were also awarded with prizes from other countries. The main builder was the honored builder of the Uzbek SSR Z. P. Zarapetian.
The originality of its development lies in the construction of sectional and gallery houses, the use of small architectural forms, an abundance of green spaces, fountains, pools, which give the city an individual aesthetically expressive look.
For the future city, a territory calm in relief was chosen, stretched in the direction from north to south for 8 km between the old regional center of Karman and a small village near the railway station of the same name.
The city is located in the valley of the Zeravshan River in the south of the Navoi region, 360 km south-west of Tashkent. The distance to Samarkand is 140 km, to Bukhara – almost 100 km.
The Zarafshan River flows north of the city. The Nurata Mountains stretch 10 km north of the outskirts of the city, beyond the bank of the Zarafshan River.
The climate of Navoi is dry, sharply continental with a clearly pronounced seasonality. In summer the temperature can reach + 54 ° C, in winter it can drop to -18 ° C. Lower temperatures are rare. Due to the low humidity, high and low temperatures are easily tolerated.
Winter (a period with an average daily temperature below 0 ° C) lasts on average from the 3rd decade of November to the 2nd decade of March. During the calendar winter, there may be short (3-8 days) frosts (with night temperatures down to -12 ° C, rarely – up to -18 ° C).
At the same time, thaws are frequent throughout the winter, when the temperature rises from -5 ° C to + 6 ° C and above, sometimes reaching values of +10 … + 12 ° C. Transition seasons are short enough.
Almost summer temperatures are often recorded in mid and late March, in April. In June and July, daytime temperatures usually exceed 45 degrees (on average – 30-40 days during the summer season).
As of 2017, the population of the city is over 134,000 people.
According to official data, the population of Navoi in 2009 was 157,957 people. Of the nationalities, Uzbeks accounted for 73.2%, Russians – 16.5%, Kazakhs – 1.3%, others – 9%.
Navoi is one of those cities in Uzbekistan where Russians and Russian-speaking in general make up more than 16% of the total population.
In connection with the collapse of the USSR and a sharp increase in the outflow of the population to Russia and other countries in Navoi, the proportions of the ethnic composition have changed with a predominance of Uzbeks and a tendency to an increase in their number.
Navoi is the leading industrial center of Uzbekistan. The city is located:
PO “Navoiazot” (chemical plant),
Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combine (NMMC),
JSC “Kyzylkumcement” (the largest cement plant in Uzbekistan),
Navoi Machine-Building Plant,
gold recovery plant,
cotton gin plant,
food industry enterprises,
Navoi SDPP (the basis of the region’s energy sector).
All production facilities are concentrated in an industrial zone near the western border of the city (2 km from the residential area).
Navoi is the largest educational center of the Navoi region. The city has a number of higher educational institutions (Navoi State Pedagogical Institute and Navoi State Mining Institute), several colleges and academic lyceums, as well as secondary schools and preschool institutions.
Navoi is one of the largest transport hubs in Uzbekistan. 12 km west of the city is the international airport “Navoi”, which has air communication with the international airport “Tashkent” named after Islam Karimov and with the airports of other large cities of Uzbekistan, as well as with the Moscow international airport “Vnukovo”.
In the south of Navoi, there is a railway station, which is important for freight and passenger traffic.
Urban public transport is represented in Navoi by buses, route taxis (Daewoo Damas cars), as well as private and public taxi services (mainly brands and models Daewoo Nexia, Daewoo Matiz, Daewoo Gentra, Chevrolet Lacetti, Chevrolet Cobalt, Chevrolet Epica, as well as VAZ ).Share this tour
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